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HUSHED-UP: THE MISSING LINK TO JFK ASSASINATION
Did John F. Kennedy's determined (and then secret) behind-the-scenes efforts to prevent Israel from building a nuclear weapons arsenal play a pivotal part in the events that led to his assassination on November 22, 1963?
By Michael Collins Piper
Was Israel's intelligence service, the Mossad, a front-line
player in the JFK assassination conspiracy alongside elements
of the CIA and international organized crime? Why did Hollywood
film-maker Oliver Stone fail to reveal-in his 1993 all-star
JFK assassination extravaganza-that the hero of his epic, former
New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison, had privately concluded
that the Mossad was ultimately the driving force behind JFK's
As worldwide attention focuses on the problems of nuclear proliferation
in the Middle East-is it valid or appropriate to raise the question
of possible Israeli complicity in the assassination of an American
president? These are just a few of the hotly controversial questions
being posed by this author's book, Final Judgment, which
has emerged as a proverbial "underground best-seller" in the
United States, the topic of heated debate on the Internet and
the subject of angry exchanges in a variety of public forums.
What Oliver Stone didn't tell
In 1992, former U.S. Congressman Paul Findley, a liberal Republican,
made the little-noticed but intriguing comment that "in all
the words written about the assassination of John F. Kennedy,
Israel's intelligence agency, the Mossad, has never been mentioned,
despite the obvious fact Mossad complicity is as plausible as
any of the other theories."
Where in the world could Findley-never known to be an extremist,
by any means, and certainly not one given to venting conspiracy
theories-have ever come up with such an assertion?
Actually, it's no so extraordinary a thesis, if one looks at
the historical record, placing all of the conventional theories
about the JFK assassination in a new perspective, calculating
in previously-little known details that shed stark light on
the circumstances surrounding JFK's demise and the geopolitical
crises in which the American president was embroiled at the
time of his shocking murder.
In truth, even the most recently widely-disseminated exposition
of JFK assassination theorizing-Oliver Stone's 1993 blockbuster
film, JFK-did not present even the entire picture.
Although Stone portrayed former New Orleans District Attorney
Jim Garrison as a hero for pointing the finger in the direction
of elements of the U.S. military and intelligence networks as
the guiding force behind JFK's murder, what Stone didn't tell
his audience was something even more controversial: that, privately,
after some years of research and reflection, Garrison had reached
an even more startling determination: that the driving force
behind JFK's murder was no less than Israel's feared intelligence
service, the Mossad.
As astounding as it sounds, there's actually good reason to
conclude that Garrison may have been looking in the right direction.
And in this day when the debate over "weapons of mass destruction"
is in the forefront of global discussion, it is not so extraordinary
a thesis as it seems.
Although more than 40 years have passed, fascination with the
murder of America's 35th president won't go away. Assassination
"buffs"-not just in the United States but around the globe-continue
to chip away at the conclusions of the two official U.S. government
investigations into the affair.
Although the 1979 report by a special committee of the U.S.
Congress formally contradicted the earlier 1964 finding by the
presidentially-appointed Warren Commission that alleged assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald was acting alone and concluded instead that
there was indeed the likelihood of a conspiracy behind the president's
murder-hinting broadly at the involvement by organized crime-the
congressional committee's final determination actually raised
more questions, in some respects, than it answered.
In 1993 Hollywood's Oliver Stone entered the fray with his blockbuster,
JFK, which presented Stone's interpretation of the widely-publicized
1967-1969 JFK assassination inquiry by then-New Orleans District
Attorney Jim Garrison.
Stone's film-featuring Kevin Costner as Garrison-raised the
specter of involvement by elements of the so-called "military-industrial
complex," along with a scattering of anti-Castro Cuban exiles,
right-wing militants, and rogue Central Intelligence Agency
operatives. The film told the story of Garrison's investigation,
and ultimately unsuccessful prosecution, of New Orleans businessman
Clay Shaw (then suspected of being-and later proven to be-a
collaborator with the CIA) for involvement in the JFK conspiracy.
However, as we now know, not even Stone was faithful to his
hero. Longtime independent JFK assassination investigator A.
J. Weberman has since revealed that, during the 1970s-well after
Garrison's prosecution of Shaw-that Garrison was circulating
the manuscript for a novel (never published) in which Garrison
named Israel's Mossad as the mastermind of the JFK assassination
Garrison never said anything about this unusual thesis-at least
publicly. But beginning in the mid-1980s and well into the present
day, new evidence has emerged that not only points to good reason
for Mossad motivation to move against John F. Kennedy, but also
to the likelihood that not only Clay Shaw (Garrison's target)
but other key figures often associated in published writings
with the JFK assassination were indeed closely tied to the Mossad
and doing its bidding.
And what is particularly interesting is that none of the individuals
in question-Shaw included-happened to be Jewish. So the assertion
that allegations of Mossad involvement are somehow "anti-Semitic"
in nature fall flat on that fact alone. But Mossad complicity-as
the record indicates-is a very real possibility.
Garrison's critics continue to assert that the New Orleans District
Attorney couldn't make up his mind as to whom he thought had
orchestrated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
This indeed was the primary complaint against the rambunctious
and outspoken and quite colorful prosecutor: that he simply
couldn't make up his mind. And this is one of the reasons that
even many of Garrison's supporters not only began to question
his sincerity, but even as to whether Garrison's investigation
was even worth the trouble.
In truth, Garrison did tend to shoot from the hip. That may
have been his biggest mistake-one of many-in the course of his
controversial inquiry into the murder of America's 35th president.
At one time or another, during the course of that investigation,
Garrison pointed his finger at one or another various possible
conspirators-ranging from "right-wing extremists" to "Texas
oil barons" to "anti-Castro Cuban exiles" to "rogue CIA operatives."
Occasionally Garrison went so far as to say that the conspiracy
included a combination of those possible conspirators.
Clay Shaw - a CIA asset
When Garrison finally brought one man to trial, widely respected
New Orleans trade executive Clay Shaw, Garrison had narrowed
his field, suggesting, primarily, that Shaw had been one of
the lower-level players in the conspiracy. According to Garrison,
Shaw was essentially doing the bidding of highly-placed figures
in what has roughly been described as "the military-industrial
complex," that combination of financial interests and armaments
manufacturers whose power and influence in official Washington-and
around the world-is a very real force in global affairs.
Garrison suggested that Shaw and his co-conspirators had multiple
motivations stimulating their decision to move against President
Kennedy. Among other things, he asserted:
The conspirators opposed JFK's decision
to begin withdrawing U.S. forces from Indochina;
They were angry at his failure to provide
military cover support for Cuban exiles attempting to topple
Fidel Castro in the botched Bay of Pigs invasion;
- They were bitter at JFK for firing longtime CIA Director
Allen Dulles, a grand old man of the Cold War against the Soviet
In addition, Garrison hinted, JFK's successor,
Lyndon Johnson, may have wanted JFK removed from office for
the purpose of claiming the crown for himself, but also because
JFK and his younger brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy,
were not only plotting to remove Johnson from the Democratic
national ticket in 1964, as well as conducting federal criminal
investigations of many of Johnson's closest associates and
financial backers-even including in the realm of organized
In the end, after a relatively brief deliberation, the jury
hearing the Shaw case acquitted Shaw. It was only later-much
later-that evidence emerged that Shaw had indeed been a CIA
informant, Shaw's protestations the contrary. Only in recent
years has it been determined, for example, that the American
CIA was deliberately sabotaging Garrison's investigation from
within, not to mention providing assistance to Shaw's defense.
And although there are those who continue to say that Shaw's
acquittal "proved" that Shaw had nothing whatsoever to do with
the JFK conspiracy, the bigger picture suggests quite the contrary.
Shaw was involved with something very murky and so were others
in Shaw's circle of friends and associates. And they were, in
turn, directly connected to the strange activities of Lee Harvey
Oswald in New Orleans, the summer just prior to the assassination
of John F. Kennedy, before Oswald's sojourn to Dallas. Dozens
of writers-many with differing points of view-have documented
all of this, time and again.
The hidden bomb shell unearthed
So although the "official" legend is that Jim Garrison believed
that the CIA and the military-industrial complex were the prime
movers behind JFK's murder, when all was said and done, however,
Jim Garrison had privately reached quite a different conclusion,
one that remains largely unknown even to many people who worked
with Garrison throughout the course of his investigation. In
fact, as noted, Garrison had decided-based on the entirety of
everything that he had learned, from a wide variety of sources-that
the most likely masterminds of the JFK assassination were operatives
of Israel's intelligence service, the Mossad.
The remarkable truth is that-although Garrison apparently didn't
know it at the time, precisely because the facts had yet to
be revealed-Garrison may have been on to something, far more
than he realized. The public record now demonstrates that in
1963 JFK was embroiled in a bitter secret conflict with Israeli
leader David Ben-Gurion over Israel's drive to build the atomic
bomb; that Ben-Gurion resigned in disgust, saying that because
of JFK's policies, Israel's "existence [was] in danger." Then
upon JFK's assassination, U.S. policy toward Israel began an
immediate 180-degree turnaround.
Israeli historian Avner Cohen's new book, Israel and the Bomb,
confirms the conflict between JFK and Israel so powerfully that,
Israel's Ha'aretz, declared Cohen's revelations would "necessitate
the rewriting of Israel's entire history." From Israel's perspective,
writes Cohen, "Kennedy's demands [on Israel] seemed diplomatically
inappropriate…inconsistent with national sovereignty." In any
case, Cohen pointed out, "the transition from Kennedy to [Lyndon]
Johnson…benefited the Israeli nuclear program."
Ethan Bronner, in the New York Times, called Israel's drive
to build a nuclear bomb "a fiercely hidden subject." This explains
why JFK researchers-and Jim Garrison-never considered an Israeli.
While all of this presents a strong motive for Israel to strike
against JFK, even maverick Israeli journalist Barry Chamish
acknowledges that there exists "a pretty cogent case" for Mossad
collaboration with the CIA in the assassination conspiracy.
The fact is that when Jim Garrison prosecuted Clay Shaw with
conspiracy in the assassination, Garrison had stumbled upon
the Mossad link.
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